Troy Nehls (R-TX)
The Subcommittee also has jurisdiction over the agencies that administer these regulations. Railroad rates, service matters, and restructuring transactions, including mergers, is overseen by the five-member Surface Transportation Board (STB). The independent agency also has the authority to address national emergencies as they affect the nation’s rail transportation system, and is responsible for resolving certain disputes involving Amtrak.
The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is responsible for administering railroad safety laws and railroad infrastructure and development programs, possesses responsibilities relevant to homeland security, and has federal oversight of Amtrak.
Amtrak is the Nation’s major provider of intercity passenger rail service. Also known as the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, Amtrak was established by law in 1970 and required to assume the responsibility from private sector railroads for provision of passenger rail services. The Subcommittee continues to oversee efforts to increase efficiency and accountability in Amtrak’s operations.
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) has jurisdiction over the safe transportation of energy products and other hazardous materials.
Additionally, the Subcommittee has jurisdiction over the benefit but not revenue aspects of railroad retirement and unemployment systems, as well as rail labor relations.
Issues and agencies under the jurisdiction of the Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials Subcommittee include: